Sokon (Bushi) Matsumura (1797-1889)
The most important student of Shungo (Tode) Sakugawa, Sokon (Bushi) Matsumura, developed in the early 18th century in the former capital of Okinawa and today’s provincial town Shuri the style direction Shoran Ryu respectively the style Shuri Te. His school was the most renowned all over Okinawa und almost all important masters of the coming generation are going back to his school. No more than thirty years later Kosaku Matsumora created in the provincial town Tomari out of the Shuri Te of Sokon (Bushi) Matsumura the style Tomari Te and another twenty years later Kanryo Higaonna (also named Higashionna or Higanuma) in the Okinawian capital Naha the style direction Shorei Ryu respectively the style Naha Te. Kosaku Matsumora as well as Kanryo Higaonna were students of Sokon (Bushi) Matsumura.
Basically it can be said that Sokon (Bushi) Matsumura is the proper father of the Okinawian Karate. It’s due to him that the following Kata were at least partially developed respectively passed down: Tekki, Patsai (Bassai), Kushanku (Kanku), Jion, Hangetsu, Wankan, Chinte and Gankaku. These Kata were continuously perfected and eventually developed to the final and today still valid form mainly by his students Anko Azato and Yasutsune Itosu as well as their scholar Gichin (Shoto) Funakoshi and his son Gigo Funakoshi.
Out of the Shuri Te of Sokon (Bushi) Matsumura finally were also developed the styles Shotokan Ryu, Shito Ryu, Kyokushin Ryu, Wado Ryu, and out of Tomari Te the today barely known style Isshin Ryu and out of Naha Te the style Goju Ryu.